Dalit movement in India ( दलित आन्दोलन)


Dalit Movement in India started by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar (Bheemrao Ramji Ambedkar) in 1956. Dr. Bheemrao Ambedkar born 14 April 1891 in Dalit family, at the time of British rule in India. He faced much social discrimination in society after studied in foreign he became the leader of Dalit.

Dalit Movement in India also known as Dalit Buddhist Movement. In 1935 Dr. Ambedkar decided to convert from Hinduism to Buddhism. After learning of Buddhism he derives Navayana that is well known as Bheemyana adopted by Dr. Bheemrao Ambedkar along with his millions of followers before his death on 6 December 1956. It was the protest against Hindu social discrimination. 

In independent India Dr. Ambedkar became first law minister of India, he was an Indian economist, jurist, politician and social reformer also he supporting rights of women and labor. He was the chief architect of a constitution of India and founding father of the Republic of India.

In India Dalit and Buddhist, the movement was running parallel, we can not separate those both are a compliment to each other. In 1967 Rajendra Aharwar founded "Bhartiya Buddha Mahasabha" in Kanpur. He celebrates Ambedkar Jayanthi as "Sambhuddhatva Jayanthi", "Diksha Divas" the day Ambedkar converted and Ambedkar "Paranirvan Divas" the day Ambedkar died.  In 1980 Deepanker a Chamar bhikkhu came to Kanpur on a mass conversion organized by Dalit leader Ambawadekar. He founded "Dalit Panthers" UP branch inspired by "Maharashtrian Dalit Panthers". There are many converted Buddhist from scheduled castes and scheduled tribe and other religion's lower group.
 Thereafter a popular leader and social reformer Kanshiram who belongs to Shikha religious background worked for Dalit from 1971, he founded "Dalit Shoshit Samaj Samiti"  after that in 1984 a political party Bahujan Samaj Party(BSP) founded by him. He established a Dalit leader for his party. She is Mayawati, Mayawati comes from Dalit family of Bulandshaher, UP.
  The current leader of Dalit movement in India, she is well known as 'Dalit Ki Beti'. She is national president of Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and four times chief minister of UP.

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